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Ericsson CEO Bao Yikang: Mobile Network Changes the World

2018-01-25 09:39:43 Author: Source:CTI ForumComment:0  Click:


The 48th World Economic Forum annual meeting was held in Davos, Switzerland. On the eve of the forum, Bao Yikang, President and CEO of Ericsson, wrote “5G: The Accelerator for Global Development” pointed out that the mobile network is one of the most powerful driving forces for GNP in human history, and its speed of development has grown far faster than Know any technology.
At a time when the next-generation mobile communications revolution is in full swing, Bao Yikang not only uses this article to review the magnificent iterative history of mobile communications, but also looks at the significance of the realization of 5G for the industry and society.
Bao Yikang said that if the previous mobile communication technology helps people to interoperate with each other, then 5G is born out of the interconnection between machines. The low latency that 5G technology can provide opens the door to implementation for countless applications that 4G cannot support.
Just as mobile broadband has changed the behavior of consumers and created new industry and business models, 5G also has enormous potential for fundamental change. He also took the manufacturing industry as an example to show that the emergence of the Internet of Things is a change that can be created in every aspect of industrial manufacturing.
In conclusion, Bao outlined the necessity of global spectrum coordination and emphasized that it is more and more important for the government to formulate relevant laws and regulatory frameworks to promote the rapid development of technology.
Bao full text is as follows:
"5G: Accelerator for Global Development"
Today, people seem to have taken it for granted that the world's tech giants are in control of the world's most important technology and communications platform.
But we must know that it is not. These tech giants operate on the most important platforms in the world, and this platform is the mobile communication network.
not only that. Not only top-tier Internet companies need to rely on reliable and stable mobile networks, but the telecom industry has already penetrated into every aspect of our economy, society, and life, and has become one of the most powerful driving forces for the development of the world economy and the realization of human equality. After technical iterations, this industry is based on private capital and helps people-to-people communications. It transcends national boundaries and goes beyond terminals. The pace of advancement is always reliable.
Changing the world of mobile technology
The power of change released by mobile technology is extraordinary. No other technology has such a speed of development. Since the first mobile phones were introduced in the 1980s, global mobile users have increased to 7.8 billion. By 2023, the figure will increase to 9.1 billion. According to a research report published by Imperial College London, depending on the business model setting, the average growth rate of mobile broadband penetration will increase by 0.6% to 2.8% for every 10% increase in mobile broadband penetration rate. If calculated in 2016, this is equivalent to 500 billion to 2 trillion US dollars of global economic growth.
This is a tremendous reshaping power, and what we see is just the beginning. The world’s development is changing with each passing day, and people’s expectations are constantly changing. Remember the era of 2G, do we use mobile phones just to hear other people's voices? 3G adds data to our voice, and 4G makes it all faster. But without better service quality and features supported by 4G/LTE, streaming music and video services will not be able to provide a good enough user experience, and online shopping behavior is not possible in just a few years, from desktop computers and Almost all notebooks have been migrated to mobile terminals.
Before 4G, we have never seen popularization of such rapid technology - it has covered 2.5 billion people in just 5 years. This is the level that 3G has used for 8 years. It is in the era of 4G that large-scale Internet companies explode exponentially. One of the reasons is that both uploading and downloading speeds have been significantly increased, which meets the constant demand for video and mobile broadband sources when consumers use smart phones and other terminals. Nowadays, mobile network traffic is basically increasing at a rate of 50% per year. Innovations such as Organic LED screens, high-definition video, and augmented reality will only further promote this growth trend.
5G: Next Generation Mobile Revolution
Today, we are in the next major technological transition, that is, 5G. And just like other major advances in human history, people's discussions with 5G have also had disputes. They have high suspicions and excessive excitement.
Ericsson? - We are very excited.
Compared with 4G, the 5G network function will gradually evolve and change. When people talk about mobile networks, they often emphasize how fast they are. Indeed, 5G data transmission rate is 10 times or even 100 times that of 4G. But more importantly, 5G will achieve lower latency and can achieve real-time real-time, meeting many new use-case requirements that 4G cannot achieve.
If the previous mobile communication technology helps people to interoperate, then 5G is born out of the interconnection between machines. With the ultra-low latency and ultra-high reliability of 5G networks, the factory can cut the cables connected to the machines and put more intelligence into the cloud, thus reducing the cost of robots, accelerating the speed of change, and increasing production flexibility. Ericsson’s latest 5G commercial potential research shows that manufacturing is the industry with the greatest opportunities in the 5G era, and will bring global operators more than $100 billion in revenue by 2026.
Industrial Internet has been born
With the joint promotion of LTE and 5G, the Internet of Things will also benefit from all aspects of the manufacturing process from design and deployment to operation and maintenance. The IoT not only provides machine controllers with real-time information on specific components, but also provides information on the overall status of the project. Manufacturers have also been able to explore machine learning and predictive maintenance to reduce downtime losses. The emergence of the Internet of Things, just like mobile broadband, will not only change consumer behavior, but will also create new industry and business models, with the power to create change.
Ericsson and China Mobile and Intel jointly developed a high-precision interconnected screwdriver is a real case. We installed dynamic sensors on the NB-IoT module of more than 1,000 precision screwdrivers to transmit data to the cellular IoT network in real time, enabling the factory to eliminate manual replacement maintenance and usage tracking, significantly extending the life of the machine. , Less than 6 months to recover the investment in the screwdriver sensor.
The significance of 5G goes far beyond the technology itself. The government will continue to play an important role in promoting technology applications. Globally unified spectrum was once the key to the popularization of 2G, 3G, and 4G. For countries that plan to deploy 5G first, spectrum coordination is indispensable.
We also need to realize that in the next 5G era, not all traffic will have the same priority. Service providers must match different services for different access levels - this is network slicing. There are many mission-critical applications, such as autopilot and telesurgery, that require higher priority 5G “slices” to ensure that service is not interrupted.
Achieving the UN Sustainable Development Goals
From a broader perspective of society, these paradigm shifts can help repair the world's cracks. We focus on the UN's Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and regard communications technology as a common platform for providing solutions.
For example, if a city street can communicate with the vehicle itself, the vehicle may see pedestrians in the dark earlier than the driver. In such a world, we no longer need traffic lights. Together with other transportation options, we can solve congestion, pollution, and security problems. We are closer to the 11th United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, sustainable cities and communities.
For another example, sensors in household appliances help us to conserve water and electricity (Item 12: Responsible consumption and production); real-time data monitoring of air and water quality allows us to better understand the pollution flow (Item 6: Clean drinking water); weather data can support climate adaptation and early warning systems, and improve agricultural and food production through the transmission of soil, water, temperature and invasive data (item 13: climate action).
How can we achieve these beautiful vision goals? The answer lies in following some of the most basic principles, including globally unified connectivity and private investment. The telecommunications industry has been successfully developed for more than a century, and its foundation is built on this. According to my experience in the past more than 30 years, if the legal and regulatory framework is unpredictable, or if free trade and competition are blocked and financing channels are limited, investment decisions will slow down or even stop. We must ensure cooperation between companies that rely on communications, people who use communications services, and public agencies that can ensure a good investment environment.
Telecommunications provides intelligent tools for our minds in this area of ​​society and economy. Mobile network is the basis for all innovations to expand. The mobile network is by no means a "dumb pipe". It is an intelligent, super-adaptable, and secure network. It is the main platform for innovation in today's world and will surely be the future.
 
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